An agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services established in 1970. It is part of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and is generally responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related illnesses and injuries. NIOSH’s responsibilities include: investigating potentially hazardous working conditions (as requested by employer or employees), evaluating workplace hazards, creating and disseminating methods for preventing disease/injury/disability, conducting scientifically valid research on safety issues, and providing education and training in the field of occupational safety and health.